SAR Fundamentals/Tracking


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SAR Fundamentals Manual:
  • Ch.23 "Tracking"
  • Appendix C "Track ID Form"
Basic SAR Skills Manual: Ch.18 "Tracking"
Tracking Form.

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Total Time: 30 minutes

  • 2011-03: 09:12 - 09:54: 0.7 hr
  • Present FOG SAR slides
  • distribute tracking cards
  • show tracking tools
    • stick, chalk, mirror, hat
  • if time permits, show overhead slides of different difficulties of tracks

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3 min

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[some material from Jake Waiboer]

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Duration: 2 hours 15 minutes

	SAR Fundamentals Manual - Chapter 23: Track Awareness - p. 301
        Slides - 
	          Basic SAR 649
		  Basic SAR 653
		  Basic SAR 654
		  Basic SAR 655
		  Basic SAR 656
		  mud1 - Jan '01
		  multiple in snow - Jan '01
		  multiple in snow2 - Jan '01
		  dirt1 - Jan '01
		  dirt2 - Jan '01
		  dirt3 - Jan '01
		  dirt4 - Jan '01
		  dirt5 - Jan '01
		  gravel1 - Jan '01
		  gravel2 - Jan '02

	Sample Tracking Equipment:
            Tracking Stick
            Tape Measure
        hand out - Tracking Form

       Tracking- used to detect the path of someone or something. 
       When tracking you must be able to interpret clues. 
     Travel Time                Travel Distance           Theoretical Search 
           1 hour                    2 miles                  12.6 sq miles 
           2 hours                   4 miles                  50.3 sq miles 
           3 hours                  Six miles                113.1 sq miles 
 Management can use direction of travel to eliminate a large search area. 
 Track or print- an impression left from a person that can be positively 
identified as being human. 
 Complete track- a track is entirely visible.  Positive.  Conclusively 
 Partial track- it is not visible in its entirety; and/or identifiable.  
 Sign- is any evidence of change from the natural state that is inflicted on 
an environment by a person's passage. 
 Sign cutting- looking for sign to establish a starting point from which to 
 Jump Tracking- form of tracking that involves finding a big obvious 
footprint, then proceeding along the presumed direction of travel until 
another obvious track is found. 
Step by step- to proceed no further than the last visible track using 
stride to determine where the next step should be. 

Before this is Bryan's, after Brett's

 Equipment for tracking 
          Clothing- should be appropriate for the terrain and weather. 
          Walking/sign cutting stick 
          Measuring device 
          Sm note pad/pencil 
          Trail tape 
 Light plays a big role. 
Light angles. 
 Sign Cutting 
 Labeling tracks 
 Tracking team 
 Detecting sign 
Being able to look for a break in the random.  Pay very close attention 
to detail. 
Keep an open mind and also look for things that might help, support 
your belief etc. 
 Common Visual Clues 
 Sign Specifics 
          Length and width of print 
          General type of sole 
          Measurements of specific parts of a sole pattern. 
          Several prints in a row can determine direction and stride. 


 Sign Cutting 
          Best time of the day is when the sun is low. 
          Sign cutting should be used all the time. 
          Track traps 
           o Roads 
           o Game trails 
           o Creek beds 
           o Mud hole 
           o Mole hills 
           o Plowed fields. 
           o Fence lines 
           o Construction sites 

Before this is Brett's, after Bryan's

          Do not allow anyone into the sign cutting area 
          Cut each area with the same care as the first 
          Use good maps 
          Check track traps 
          Only experienced trackers should investigate the area 
          Get as much info about the subject as possible 
          Preserve evidence 
          Hazardous areas or attractants are good places to look for sign 
          Establish a perimeter. 
          Talk to everyone you see for info 
          Look for clues 
          Use the step by step. 

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